127 papers from India retracted for image duplication, manipulation

Photo for my piece - Retraction-Optimized

The searchable database of retracted papers launched by RetractionWatch shows 982 papers from India have been retracted so far. Of these, 330 have been retracted for plagiarism and, surprisingly, 118 papers for image duplication and/or manipulation. The number of papers retracted for image issues has suddenly increased since 2016, with 37 papers retracted in 2018 alone.

Unlike plagiarism in papers published in scientific journals, image duplication in the same paper or in different papers and image manipulation have hardly received any attention. But the high-profile retraction in 2006 of South Korean stem cell researcher Hwang Woo Suk’s paper published in 2005 in Science turned the spotlight on image manipulation. Two photographs in the same figure in the paper were found to be partial duplication.

Since 2011 and particularly in the last three-four years more papers are getting flagged for problematic images. And the number of papers with questionable images getting retracted is also growing suddenly.

A searchable database of retracted papers launched in October last year by RetractionWatch blog has about 18,000 papers since the 1970s. The database was screened for retracted papers from India. Of the 982 papers that have been retracted so far from India, 330 have been for plagiarism. Surprisingly, 118 papers from India have been retracted for image duplication and/or manipulation.

Of the 118, 54 papers have been retracted for image manipulation and the remaining for image duplication. There are a few papers that contain both image duplication and manipulation. However, nine retracted papers did not show up during the search taking the total number of papers retracted for image duplication and/or manipulation to 127.

The number of papers retracted has suddenly increased since 2016, with 18 papers retracted in 2019, 37 papers in 2018, 15 papers in 2015 and 21 papers in 2016. At 20, Dr. Rashmi Madhuri and Prashant Sharma of IIT Dhanbad have the most number of retracted papers. They are co-authors in all papers.

While 127 papers retracted might be a fraction of the number of articles published each year from India, it is still a huge number considering how reluctant journal publishers are in retracting papers.

“Journals are not very responsive [in retracting or correcting papers with problematic images],” Dr. Elisabeth Bik who is a Science Consultant at Harbers-Bik LLC, San Francisco, California and an expert in identifying duplication and manipulation in images says in an email. “Of the 782 papers that I reported in 2014 and 2015 [for image duplication and manipulation], 44 have been retracted, two have an expression of concern, and 196 have a corrigendum or erratum. The remaining 540 papers have not been corrected, as far as I know. That means that five years after problematic papers have been reported, only one third of them have been corrected or retracted. That number is much too low, in my opinion, and it means that journals are not very willing to take any action.” The reluctance becomes all the more glaring as at least 50% of papers had images suggestive of deliberate manipulation.

Dr. Bik along with two other authors found 782 papers with problematic images from a dataset of 20,000 papers published by researchers from many countries in 40 journals from 1995 to 2014. The study was published in 2016 in the journal mBio. The authors reported the problematic papers to the respective journals.

Compared with the U.S and China, there are relatively fewer papers from India that gets published. But Bik’s study found India had 1.93 higher-than-predicted ratio of papers containing image duplication.

How widespread is image manipulation

In 2018, Dr. Bik and others analysed 960 papers published in Molecular and Cellular Biology from 2009 to 2016. They found 59 papers contained duplicated images leading corrections for 41 papers and five retractions. “The majority of inappropriate image duplications result from errors during figure preparation that can be remedied by correction,” they write. The journal instituted a pilot program where all the accepted papers were screened for images prior to publication. In the beginning of 2013, in just two months, the journal identified image concerns in 12 of the 83 papers. “Image screening can identify papers with problematic images prior to publication… and required an average of 30 minutes of staff time per problematic paper,” they write.

According to a small study of 200 papers that were about to be accepted for publication in The Journal of Clinical Investigation, 21% (42 of 200) of papers had issues with Western blots and 27.5% (55 of 200) of papers had problems with images. The study was carried out between July 2018 and first week of February 2019. They found 49 of 55 papers with image issues were “minor transgressions”.

“The absolute number of retractions has risen over the past few decades, from fewer than 100 annually before 2000 to nearly 1,000 in 2014. But retractions remain relatively rare: Only about four of every 10,000 papers are now retracted,” says an article in the journal Science.

The good news is that journals are beginning to shed their reluctance to retract papers involving problematic images. “There appears to be a trend towards a faster response time; perhaps under the influence of social media discussions or a shift of opinion of the general audience that these cases should be handled faster,” Dr. Bik says.

How checking for image manipulation evolved

Unlike in the case of plagiarism where there are software available to detect it and almost all journals routinely use them, no such software or system is available for detecting image duplication and manipulation. But that shortcoming is to a small extent getting addressed in a completely different way. The Journal of Clinical Investigation is relying on Dr. Corinne L. Williams, an editor who has an “excellent eye for image duplication”, to find such faulty papers.

“The Journal of Cell Biological has been a pioneer though, screening images after acceptances very carefully and asking for originals if there was any doubt. But only if they suspected something,” says Dr. Bik. Way back in 2013, the Molecular and Cellular Biology “instituted a program to analyse the figures in all accepted manuscripts before publication, modelled after a similar program used by the Journal of Cell Biology,” Dr. Bik and others write in the 2018 paper.

In 2002, much before Hwang Woo-Suk’s case of image manipulation hit the news headlines, the Journal of Cell Biology (JCB) became the first journal to begin screening all accepted papers for image manipulation. It all started when Dr. Mike Rossner, Editor of JCB, saw an “obvious black box around one of the bands in a Western blot” in a paper accepted for publication. He realised that the particular band “had been adjusted”, and as a result the paper’s acceptance was cancelled. “Digital images can be easily examined for evidence of manipulation,” Dr. Rossner writes in a 2007 editorial.

“At the Journal of Cell Biology we examine all digital images in all accepted manuscripts for evidence of manipulation,” Dr. Rossner writes in a March 2006 article in The Scientist. “During our three and a half years of screening experience at the JCB, we have had to revoke the acceptance of 1% of papers that passed peer review because we detected fraudulent image manipulation that affected interpretation of the data.”

Now, more and more journals have started demanding for unedited, raw image data from authors at some stage of the publication process.

PubPeer’s crucial role in cleaning the scientific literature

A catalyst that is bringing about this change is the PubPeer website, which allows independent researchers to publish post-publication review of scientific papers. The independent researchers are “increasingly making use of PubPeer or social media to describe papers of concern,” says Dr. Bik who is quite active on PubPeer and prefers to use her actual name instead of going anonymous as most other researchers posting on the website do.

“Almost all remarks about problematic images on PubPeer appear correct, and there is an active community that will comment if it does not agree,” she adds. The popularity of PubPeer can be gauged by the regular mention of the website in articles on science misconduct. “So we can assume that more and more people are becoming familiar with PubPeer,” says Dr. Bik.

And the results are showing. At least one paper from India with questionable image gets posted on PubPeer at least once in two days. With The Hindu reporting on papers with problematic images from half a dozen institutions, there is a sudden rush by Indian researchers to post their responses on PubPeer.

 

Papers retracted for duplicated and/or manipulated images

1) Caspase-3 induced Apoptosis in Transgenic Zebrafish

Chiranjib Chakraborty, Gargi Saha, Biplab Sarkar, S Pal, T K Chatterjee, A K Sadhu

Biotechnology Letters, February 2006

2) PEDF inhibits VEGF- and EPO- induced angiogenesis in retinal endothelial cells through interruption of PI3K/Akt phosphorylation

Banumathi Elayappan, Haribalaganesh Ravinarayannan, Sheik Pran Babu Sardar Pasha, Kyung-jin Lee, Sangiliyandi Gurunathan

Angiogenesis, July 2011

3) Gold nanoparticles inhibit vascular endothelial growth factor-induced angiogenesis and vascular permeability via Src dependent pathway in retinal endothelial cells

Kalimuthu Kalishwaralal, Sardarpasha Sheikpranbabu, Selvaraj BarathManiKanth, Ravinarayanan Haribalaganesh, Sureshbabu Ramkumarpandian, Sangiliyandi Gurunathan

Angiogenesis, July, 2011

4) Pigment epithelium-derived factor inhibits advanced glycation end-product-induced angiogenesis and stimulates apoptosis in retinal endothelial cells

Sardarpasha Sheikpranbabu, Ravinarayanan Haribalaganesh, Elayappan Banumathi, Namagiri Sirishkumar, Kyung-Jin Lee, Sangiliyandi Gurunathan

Life Sciences, September 2011

5) Modulation of p53/Akt/phosphatase and Tensin Homolog Expression by Esculetin Potentiates the Anticancer Activity of Cisplatin and Prevents its nephrotoxicity

Kulbhushan Tikoo, Abhijit Babaji Shinde, Chanchal Gupta, Gopabandhu Jena

Cancer Science, October 2011

6) Isolation and Characterization of Goat Retinal Microvascular Endothelial Cells

Ravinarayanan Haribalaganesh, Elayappan Banumathi, Sardarpasha Sheikpranbabu, Venkataraman Deepak, Namagiri Sirishkumar, Sangiliyandi Gurunathan

In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology Animal, October 2011

7) Pigment Epithelium-derived Factor Inhibits Vascular Endothelial Growth factor-and Interleukin-1beta-induced Vascular Permeability and Angiogenesis in Retinal Endothelial Cells

Sardarpasha Sheikpranbabu, Haribalaganesh Ravinarayanan, Banumathi Elayappan, Park Jongsun, Sangiliyandi Gurunathan

Vascular Pharmacology, November 2011

8) Pigment epithelium-derived factor inhibits erythropoietin-induced retinal endothelial cell angiogenesis by suppression of PI3K/Akt pathway

Ravinarayanan Haribalaganesh, Sardarpasha Sheikpranbabu, Elayappan Banumathi, Sangiliyandi Gurunathan

Experimental Eye Research, January 2012

9) PEDF prevents reactive oxygen species generation and retinal endothelial cell damage at high glucose levels

Elayappan Banumathi, Sardarpasha Sheikpranbabu, Ravinarayanan Haribalaganesh, Sangiliyandi Gurunathan

Experimental Eye Research, January 2012

10) Late phase activation of nuclear transcription factor kappaB by doxorubicin is mediated by interleukin-8 and induction of apoptosis via FasL

Charitha Gangadharan, Maikho Thoh, Sunil K Manna

Breast Cancer Research and Treatment, March 2013

11) Oleandrin-mediated expression of Fas potentiates apoptosis in tumor cells

Yashin Sreenivasan, Pongali B Raghavendra, Sunil K Manna

Journal of Clinical Immunology, April 2013

12) Cardiac Glycoside Induces Cell Death via FasL by Activating Calcineurin and NF-AT, but Apoptosis Initially Proceeds Through Activation of Caspases

Pongali B Raghavendra, Yashin Sreenivasan, Govindarajan T Ramesh, Sunil K Manna

Apoptosis: An International Journal on Programmed Cell Death, May 2013

13) Enhanced Cellular Uptake and in vivo Pharmacokinetics of Rapamycin Loaded Cubic Phase Nanoparticles for Cancer Therapy

Priyambada Parhi, Chandana Mohanty, Sanjeeb Kumar Sahoo

Acta Biomaterialia, June 2013

14) Synthesis and characterization of chitosan and grape polyphenols stabilized palladium nanoparticles and their antibacterial activity

Kanchana Amarnath, Jayanthi Kumar, Tejesh Reddy, Vakka Mahesh, Senniyanallur Rathakrishnan Ayyappan, Jayshree Nellore

Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, November 2013

15)  A PLETHORA-auxin Transcription Module Controls Cell Division Plane Rotation Through MAP65 and CLASP

Pankaj Dhonukshe, Daan A Weits, Alfredo Cruz-Ramirez, Eva E Deinum, Simon H Tindemans, Klementina Kakar, Kalika Prasad, Ari Pekka Mähönen, Chris Ambrose,
Michiko Sasabe, Guy Wachsmann, Marijn Luijten, Tom Bennett, Yasunori Machida,
Renze Heidstra, Geoffrey Wasteneys, Bela M Mulder, Ben Scheres

Cell, November 2013

16) Composite polymeric magnetic nanoparticles for codelivery of hydrophobic and hydrophilic anticancer drugs and MRI imaging for cancer therapy

Abhalaxmi Singh, Fahima Dilnawaz, Sujeet Mewar, Uma Sharma, N R Jagannathan,
Sanjeeb Kumar Sahoo

ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, March 2014

17) Study of electronic structure and magnetization correlations in hydrogenated and vacuum annealed Ni doped ZnO

Rishi Kumar Sharma, S C Sharma, P Kumari, Sudish Kumar, Ying T Xing, Uday Prabhakarrao Deshpande, Thoudinja Shripathi, Elisa Zaitovitch

Journal of Applied Physics, June 2014

18) Study of Defect-induced Ferromagnetism in Hydrogenated Anatase TiO2:Co

Rishi Kumar Singhal, Arvind Samariya, Sudhish Kumar, Ying T Xing, D C Jain,
Satya Narayan Dolia, Uday Prabhakarrao Deshpande, Thoudinja Shripathi,
Elisa B Saitovitch

Journal of Applied Physics, July 2014

19) The serine/threonine kinase PknB of Mycobacterium tuberculosis phosphorylates PBPA, a penicillin-binding protein required for cell division

Arunava Dasgupta, Pratik Datta, Manikuntala Kundu, Joyoti Basu

Microbiology, July 2015

20) Triptolide, Histone Acetyltransferase Inhibitor, Suppresses Growth and Chemosensitizes Leukemic Cells Through Inhibition of Gene Expression Regulated by TNF-TNFR1-TRADD-TRAF2-NIK-TAK1-IKK Pathway

Byoungduck Park, Bokyung Sung, Vivek R Yadav, Madan M Chaturvedi, Bharat B Aggarwal

Biochemical Pharmacology, February 2016

21) RAPD-based DNA fingerprinting in Lantana camara L. ecotypes and development of a digital database platform ‘LANRAD’

Dibyendu Talukdar, Tulika Talukdar

Plant Science Today, June 2016

22) Genetically engineered synthetic miniaturized versions of Plasmodium falciparum UvrD helicase are catalytically active

Abulaish Ansari, Mohammed Tarique, Renu Tuteja

PLOS ONE, June 2016

23) Effect of paclobutrazol on photosynthesis and expression of pyrroline-5-carboxylatesynthase in contrasting wheat genotypes under water deficit stress condition

Sharad Kumar Dwivedi, Santosh Kumar

Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants: An International Journal of Functional Plant Biology, July 2016

24) Nimbolide Sensitizes Human Colon Cancer Cells to TRAIL Through Reactive Oxygen Species- and ERK-dependent Up-regulation of Death Receptors, p53, and Bax

Subash C Gupta, Simone Reuter, Kanokkarn Phromnoi, Byoungduck Park, Padmanabhan S Hema, Mangalam Nair, Bharat B Aggarwal

The Journal of Biological Chemistry, August 2016

25) Crotepoxide Chemosensitizes Tumor Cells Through Inhibition of Expression of Proliferation, Invasion, and Angiogenic Proteins Linked to Proinflammatory Pathway

Sahdeo Prasad, Vivek R Yadav, Chitra Sundaram, Simone Reuter, Padmanabhan S Hema, Mangalam S Nair, Madan M Chaturvedi, Bharat B Aggarwal

The Journal of Biological Chemistry, August 2016

26) Flavonoid-Deficient Mutants in Grass Pea (Lathyrus sativus L.): Genetic Control, Linkage Relationships, and Mapping with Aconitase and S-Nitrosoglutathione Reductase Isozyme Loci

Dibyendu Talukdar

The Scientific World Journal, August 2016

27) Superoxide-dismutase deficient mutants in common beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.): genetic control, differential expressions of isozymes, and sensitivity to arsenic

Dibyendu Talukdar, Tulika Talukdar

BioMed Research International, September 2016

28) A common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) mutant with constitutively low cysteine desulfhydrase activity exhibits growth inhibition but uniquely shows tolerance to arsenate stress

Dibyendu Talukdar

Environmental and Experimental Biology, September 2016

29) Synthesis, characterization and catalytic activity of silver nanoparticles using Tribulus terrestris leaf extract

S Ashokkumar, S Ravi, V Kathiravan, S Velmurugan

Spectrochimica Acta Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, September 2016

30) Status of groundwater arsenic pollution in Holocene aquifers from parts of the Ghaghara Basin, India: Its relation to geomorphology and hydrogeological setting

Babar Ali Shah

Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/C, November 2016

31)  Death-Associated Protein Kinase Controls STAT3 Activity in Intestinal Epithelial Cells

Saritha Chakilam, Muktheshwar Gandesiri, Tilman T Rau, Abbas Agaimy, Mahadevan Vijayalakshmi, Jelena Ivanovska, Ralph M Wirtz, Jan Schulze-Luehrmann, Natalya Benderska, Nadine Wittkopf, Ajithavalli Chellappan, Petra Ruemmele, Michael Vieth, Margret Rave-Fränk, Hans Christiansen, Arndt Hartmann,
Clemens Neufert, Raja Atreya, Christoph Becker,Pablo Steinberg, Regine Schneider-Stock

The American Journal of Pathology, December 2016

32) Coordinated response of sulfate transport, cysteine biosynthesis, and glutathione-mediated antioxidant defense in lentil (Lens culinaris Medik.) genotypes exposed to arsenic

Jia-Ping Wu, Chin-Chuan Tsai, Yu-Lan Yeh, Yueh-Min Lin, Chien-Chung Lin, Cecelia Hsuan Day, Chia-Yao Shen, V Vijaya Padma, Lung-Fa Pan, Chih-Yang Huang

Protoplasma, January 2017

33) Inventory of invasive alien plants in Bethuadahari wildlife sanctuary in Nadia district, West Bengal, India

Dibyendu Talukdar, Tulika Talukdar

Tropical Plant Research, March 2017

34) Growth Responses and Leaf Antioxidant Metabolism of Grass Pea (Lathyrus sativus L.) Genotypes under Salinity Stress

Dibyendu Talukdar

ISRN Agronomy, April 2017

35) Seven Different Primary Trisomics in Grass Pea (Lathyrus sativus L.). I. Cytogenetic Characterisation

Dibyendu Talukdar, Amal K Biswas

Cytologia, May 2017

36) Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of A356/SiC Composites Fabricated by Electromagnetic Stir Casting

Shashi Prakash Dwivedi, Satpal Sharma, Raghvendra Kumar Mishra

Procedia Materials Science, March 2018

37) Single cell imprinting on the surface of Ag–ZnO bimetallic nanoparticle modified graphene oxide sheets for targeted detection, removal and photothermal killing of E. Coli

Ekta Roy, Santanu Patra, Ashutosh Tiwari, Rashmi Madhuri, Prashant K Sharma

Biosensors & Bioelectronics, April 2018

38) Multifunctional magnetic reduced graphene oxide dendrites: Synthesis, characterization and their applications

Santanu Patra, Ekta Roy, Ranajit Das, Paramita Karfa, Sunil Kumar, Rashmi Madhuri, Prashant K Sharma

Biosensors & Bioelectronics, April 2018

39) Imprinted ZnO nanostructure-based electrochemical sensing of calcitonin: A clinical marker for medullary thyroid carcinoma

Santanu Patra, Ekta Roy, Rashmi Madhuri, Prashant K Sharma

Analytica Chimica Acta, April 2018

40) Graphene quantum dots decorated CdS doped graphene oxide sheets in dual action mode: As initiator and platform for designing of nimesulide imprinted polymer

Santanu Patra, Ekta Roy, Raksha Choudhary, Ashutosh Tiwari, Rashmi Madhuri, Prashant K Sharma

Biosensors & Bioelectronics, April 2018

41) Bimetallic magnetic nanoparticle as a new platform for fabrication of pyridoxine and pyridoxal-5′-phosphate imprinted polymer modified high throughput electrochemical sensor 

Santanu Patra, Ekta Roy, Ranajit Das, Paramita Karfa, Sunil Kumar, Rashmi Madhuri, Prashant K Sharma

Biosensors & Bioelectronics, April 2018

42) An imprinted Ag@CdS core shell nanoparticle based optical-electrochemical dual probe for trace level recognition of ferritin

Santanu Patra, Ekta Roy, Rashmi Madhuri, Prashant K Sharma

Biosensors & Bioelectronics, April 2018

43) A fluorescent molecularly-imprinted polymer gate with temperature and pH as inputs for detection of alpha-fetoprotein

Paramita Karfa, Ekta Roy, Santanu Patra, Deepak Kumar, Rashmi Madhuri, Prashant K Sharma

Biosensors & Bioelectronics, April 2018

44) Gemcitabine Sensitivity Can Be Induced in Pancreatic Cancer Cells through Modulation of miR-200 and miR-21 Expression by Curcumin or Its Analogue CDF

Shadan Ali, Aamir Ahmad, Sanjeev Banerjee, Subhash Padhye, Kristin Dominiak, Jacqueline M Shaffert, Zhiwei Wang, Philip A Philip, Fazlul H Sarkar

Cancer Research, September 2018

45) Dual-Responsive Polymer Coated Superparamagnetic Nanoparticle for Targeted Drug Delivery and Hyperthermia Treatment

Santanu Patra, Ekta Roy, Paramita Karfa, Sunil Kumar, Rashmi Madhuri, Prashant K Sharma

ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, October 2018

46) Identification of Autoantibodies against Transthyretin for the Screening and Diagnosis of Rheumatoid Arthritis

Saurabh Sharma, Sreejoyee Ghosh, Lalit Kumar Singh, Ashish Sarkar, Rajesh Malhotra, Onkar Prasad Garg, Yogendra Singh, Radhey Shyam Sharma, Darshan Singh Bhakuni, Taposh Kumar Das, Sagarika Biswas

PLOS ONE, October 2018

47) Multifunctional fluorescent chalcogenide hybrid nanodots (MoSe2:CdS and WSe2:CdS) as electro catalyst (for oxygen reduction/oxygen evolution reactions) and sensing probe for lead

Paramita Karfa, Rashmi Madhuri, Prashant K Sharma

Journal of Materials Chemistry A, December 2018

48) E3 ubiquitin ligase Fbw7 negatively regulates osteoblast differentiation by targeting Runx2 for degradation 

Yogesh Kumar, Isha Kapoor, Kainat Khan, Gatha Thacker, Mohd Parvez Khan

The Journal of Biological Chemistry, January 2019

49) Development of Gene-Pyramid Lines of the Elite Restorer Line, RPHR-1005 Possessing Durable Bacterial Blight and Blast Resistance

V Abhilash Kumar, C H Balachiranjeevi, S Bhaskar Naik, R Rambabu, G Rehka, G Harika, S K Hajira, K Pranathi, M Anila, M Kousik, S Vijay Kumar, A Yugander, J Aruna, T Dilip Kumar, K Vijaya Sudhakara Rao, A S Hari Prasad, M S Madhav, G S Laha, S M Balachandran, M S Prasad, B C Viraktamath, V Ravindra Babu, R M Sundaram

Frontiers in Plant Science, January 2019

50) A highly concise and practical route to clavaminols, sphinganine and (+)-spisulosine via indium mediated allylation of a-hydrazino aldehyde and a theoretical insight into the stereochemical aspects of the reaction

Menaka Pandey, Partha Sarathi Chowdhury, Achintya Kumar Dutta, Pradeep Kumar, Sourav Pal

RSC Advances, February 2019

51) A multifunctional V-Shape bis-hydrazone: Characterization, Supramolecular architechtures, AIEE, recognition of cations (Cu2+, Zn2+) and anions (HPO42- and CN-), mechanochromism, computational and cell imaging studies

Kamini Tripathi, Alok Kumar Singh, Avinash Kumar Sonkar, Anand Prakash, Jagat Kumar Roy, Lallan Mishra

Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, February 2019

52) Synthesis and characterization of Mn/Co/Ti LDH and its utilization as a photocatalyst in visible light assisted degradation of aqueous Rhodamine B

Priyadarshi Roy Chowdhury, Krishna G Bhattacharyya

RSC Advances, February 2019

53) Effect of Process Parameters on Tensile Strength of 1018 Mild Steel Joints Fabricated by Microwave Welding

Shashi Prakash Dwivedi, Satpal Sharma

Metallography, Microstructure, and Analysis, February 2019

54) Resveratrol and Black Tea Polyphenol Combination Synergistically Suppress Mouse Skin Tumors Growth by Inhibition of Activated MAPKs and p53

Jasmine George, Madhulika Singh, Amit Kumar Srivastava, Kulpreet Bhui, Preeti Roy, Pranav Kumar Chaturvedi, Yogeshwer Shukla

PLOS ONE, April 2019

55) Ultra-diluted Toxicodendron pubescens attenuates pro-inflammatory cytokines and ROS- mediated neuropathic pain in rats

Shital Magar, Deepika Nayak, Umesh B Mahajan, Kalpesh R Patil, Sachin D Shinde, Sameer N Goyal, Shivang Swaminarayan, Chandragouda R Patil, Shreesh Ojha, Chanakya Nath Kundu

Scientific Reports, June 2019

56) Analysis of codeposited Gd2O3/SiO2 composite thin films by phase modulated spectroscopic ellipsometric technique

Naba K Sahoo, Raj B Tokas, Sudhakar Thakur

Applied Surface Science, December 2015

57) Morphological, microstructural and optical properties supremacy of binary composite films—A study based on Gd2O3/SiO2 system

Naba K Sahoo, Sudhakar Thakur, Raj B Tokas, A Biswas, N M Kamble

Applied Surface Science, January 2007

58) Activation of p38MAPK by repetitive low-grade oxidative stress leads to pro-survival effects

Sanghamitra Raha, Prosenjit Sen, Kumar Chakraborty

Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA), December 2007

59) Effect of trimetazidine on renal ischemia/reperfusion injury in rats.

Sanghamitra Raha, Prosenjit Sen, Kumar Chakraborty

Pharmacological Research, December 2007

60) A dihydrobenzofuran lignan induces cell death by modulating mitochondrial pathway and G2/M cell cycle arrest

Julie S Bose, Vijay Gangan, Ravi Prakash, Swatantra Kumar Jain, Sunil K Manna

Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, February 2013

61) Enhanced in vitro antiproliferative effects of EpCAM antibody-functionalized paclitaxel-loaded PLGA nanoparticles in retinoblastoma cells

Moutushy Mitra, Ranjita Misra, Anju Harilal, Sanjeeb K Sahoo, Subramanian Krishnakumar

Molecular Vision, June 2013

62) Structural and electronic properties of superconducting Heusler alloy Ni2Nb1+xSn1-x: Ab-initio approach

Soumyadipta Pal

Computational Materials Science, August 2013

63) Synthetic seed technology for short term conservation of medicinal orchid Dendrobium densiflorum Lindl. Ex Wall and assessment of genetic fidelity of regenerants

P Mohanty, J Das

Plant Growth Regulation, December 2013

64) Isolated eccentric lingual diphtheria: A relevance

Basavaraj P Belaldavar, Nitin R Ankle, Ashwin V Gajendran, Ratkal Kedarnath

Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology, March 2014

65) Facile, eco-friendly and template free photosynthesis of cauliflower like ZnO nanoparticles using leaf extract of Tamarindus indica (L.) and its biological evolution of antibacterial and antifungal activities

K Elumalai,  S Velmurugan, S Ravi, V Kathiravan, S Ashokkumar

Spectrochimica Acta Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, February 2015

66) Tunable plasmon resonance of semi-spherical nanoporous gold nanoparticles

Pratap K Sahoo, Dong Wang, Peter Schaaf

Materials Research Express, March 2015

67) Comparison of Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of A356/SiC Metal Matrix Composites Produced by Two Different Melting Routes

Shashi Prakash Dwivedi, Satpal Sharma, Raghvendra Kumar Mishra

International Journal of Manufacturing Engineering, April 2015

68) Platelet-rich plasma in periodontal defect treatment after extraction of impacted mandibular third molars.

Swapnil Moghe, Nitin Saini, Anjali Moghe

National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery, April 2015

69) Surface-functionalized Gold Nanoparticles Mediate Bacterial Transformation: A Nanobiotechnological Approach

Saptarshi Chatterjee, Keka Sarkar

Biotechnology Letters, April 2015

70) Plant Regeneration in Chlorophytum borivilianum Sant. et Fernand. From Embryogenic Callus and Cell Suspension Culture and Assessment of Genetic Fidelity of Plants Derived Through Somatic Embryogenesis

Mohd Zahid Rizvi, Arun Kumar Kukreja, Narendra Singh Bisht

Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants: An International Journal of Functional Plant Biology, October 2015

71) Bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP4) induces buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) embryonic stem cell differentiation into germ cells

Syed Mohmad Shah, Neha Saini, Syma Ashraf, Manoj Kumar Singh, Rdhey Sham Manik, Suresh Kumar Singla, Prabhat Palta, Manmohan Singh Chauhan

Biochimie, December 2015

72) Suppression of Pro-inflammatory and Proliferative Pathways by Diferuloylmethane (curcumin) and its Analogues Dibenzoylmethane, Dibenzoylpropane, and Dibenzylideneacetone: Role of Michael Acceptors and Michael Donors

Preetha Anand, Bokyung Sung, Ajaikumar B Kunnumakkara, Kallikat N Rajasekharan, Bharat B Aggarwal

Biochemical Pharmacology, February 2016

73) Regulation of Pyruvate Kinase M Switch towards PKM1 by LKB1-AMPK Axis Tolerates Hypoglycemic Stress in Cancer Cells

Prakasam Gopinath, Rajnish Kumar Singh, Mohammad Askandar Iqbal, Ashu Bhan Tiku, Rameshwar N K Bamezai

The Journal of Biological Chemistry, May 2016

74) Influence of Agrobacterium rhizogenes strains, acitosyringone, inoculum size and temperature on production of active ingredients from Picrorhiza kurrooa

Janhvi Mishra Rawat, Balwant Rawat, Susmita Mishra, Aakriti Bhandari, Rajneesh K Agnihotri, Anup Chandra

Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants: An International Journal of Functional Plant Biology, July 2016

75) Morphological Evolution of Polyaniline and its Interaction with Amphiphiles

Kingshuk Dutta, Patit Paban Kundu

RSC Advances, August 2016

76) Leaf rolling and stem fasciation in grass pea (Lathyrus sativus L.) mutant are mediated through glutathione-dependent cellular and metabolic changes and associated with a metabolic diversion through cysteine during phenotypic reversal

Dibyendu Talukdar, Tulika Talukdar

BioMed Research International, September 2016

77) Acropigmentation of Kitamura with Immigration Delay Disease: A Rare Entity

Sumir Kumar, Bharat Bhushan Mahajan, Nidhi Kamra, Pritish A Bhoyar

Indian Dermatology Online Journal, September 2016

78) Synthesis of silver nanoparticles using A. indicum leaf extract and their antibacterial activity

S Ashokkumar, S Ravi, V Kathiravan, S Velmurugan

Spectrochimica Acta Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, January 2017

79) Highly biocompatible and water-dispersible, amine functionalized magnetite nanoparticles, prepared by a low temperature, air-assisted polyol process: a new platform for bio-separation and diagnostics

Manasmita Das, Prasanta Dhak, Satyajit Gupta, Debasish Mishra, Tapas K Maiti, Amit Basak, Panchanan Pramanik

Nanotechnology, October 2016

80) Effect of dynamic cross-linking on melt rheological properties of isotactic polypropylene (iPP)/ethylene–propylene diene rubber (EPDM)/nitrile rubber (NBR) elastomeric blends

Krishna Dutt Chauhan, R K Soni, Harjeet Singh

International Journal of Plastics Technology, November 2016

81) Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles from Gloriosa superba L. leaf extract and their catalytic activity

S Ashokkumar, S Ravi, S Velmurugan

Spectrochimica Acta Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, December 2016

82) Influence of Humic Acid on the Stability and Bacterial Toxicity of Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles in Water

K Akhil, Preethy Chandran, S Sudheer Khan

Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology, January 2017

83) In vitro clonal propagation of annatto (Bixa oreliana L.)

Marie-Claire D’Souza, Madhuri Sharon

In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology – Plant, January 2017

84) Brassica RNA binding protein ERD4 is involved in conferring salt, drought tolerance and enhancing plant growth in Arabidopsis

Archana N Rai, Srinath Tamirisa, KV Rao, Vinay Kumar, P Suprasanna

Plant Molecular Biology, January 2017

85) Silymarin Accelerates Liver Regeneration after Partial Hepatectomy

Jia-Ping Wu, Chin-Chuan Tsai, Yu-Lan Yeh, Yueh-Min Lin, Chien-Chung Lin, Cecelia Hsuan Day, Chia-Yao Shen, V Vijaya Padma, Lung-Fa Pan, Chih-Yang Huang

Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine (Ecam), January 2017

86) Luminescence enhancement of bluish-green Sr2Al2SiO7:Eu2+ phosphor by dysprosium co-doping

Ishwar Prasad Sahu, D P Bisen, Nameeta Brahme, Raunak Kumar Tamrakar

Journal of Luminescence, March 2017

87) Relative performances of effective medium formulations in interpreting specific composite thin films optical properties

Naba K Sahoo, Sudhakar Thakur, Raj B Tokas, N M Kamble

Applied Surface Science, July 2017

88) Green synthesis of zinc oxide nanoparticles using Moringa oleifera leaf extract and evaluation of its antimicrobial activity

K Elumalai, S Velmurugan, S Ravi, V Kathiravan, S Ashokkumar

Spectrochimica Acta Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, August 2017

89) Functional Characterization of Two Structurally Novel Diacylglycerol Acyltransferase2 Isozymes Responsible for the Enhanced Production of Stearate-Rich Storage Lipid in Candida tropicalis SY005

Prabuddha Dey, Monami Chakraborty, Maulik R Kamdar, Mrinal K Maiti

PLOS ONE, October 2017

90) Enhancement of Lipid Productivity in Oleaginous Colletotrichum Fungus through Genetic Transformation Using the Yeast CtDGAT2b Gene under Model-Optimized Growth Condition

Prabuddha Dey, Nikunj Mall, Atrayee Chattopadhyay, Monami Chakraborty, Mrinal K Maiti

PLOS ONE, October 2017

91) Activation of the NF-kappaB pathway by adenoassociated virus (AAV) vectors and its implications in immune response and gene therapy

Giridhara R Jayandharan, George Aslanidi, Stephen C Jahn, George Q Perrin, Roland W Herzog, Arun Srivastava

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, December 2017

92) Brassica juncea Lines with Substituted Chimeric GFP-CENH3 Give Haploid and Aneuploid Progenies on Crossing with Other Lines

Anshul Watts, Sunil K Singh, Jyoti Bhadouria, Vasupalli Naresh, Ashok K Bishoy, K A Geetha, Rohit Chamola, Debasis Pattanayak, Shripad R Bhat,

Frontiers in Plant Science, January 2018

93) Silica supported microporous melamine tri sulfonic acid catalyst towards biodiesel fuel production from waste cooking oil and utilization of side stream

Mehulkumar L Savaliya, Bharatkumar Z Dholakiya

Applied Catalysis A: General, April 2018

94) Anisotropic (spherical/hexagon/cube) silver nanoparticle embedded magnetic carbon nanosphere as platform for designing of tramadol imprinted polymer

Santanu Patra, Ekta Roy, Retwik Parui, Rashmi Madhuri, Prashant K Sharma

Biosensors & Bioelectronics, April 2018

95) Optimization, Composition, and Antioxidant Activities of Exo- and Intracellular Polysaccharides in Submerged Culture of Cordyceps gracilis (Grev.) Durieu & Mont.

Sapan Kumar Sharma, Nandini Gautam, Narender Singh Atri

Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine (Ecam), May 2018

96) Removal and Recycling of Precious Rare Earth Element from Wastewater Samples Using Imprinted Magnetic Ordered Mesoporous Carbon

Santanu Patra, Ekta Roy, Rashmi Madhuri, Prashant K Sharma

ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering, May 2018

97) Equipment-Free, Single-Step, Rapid, “On-Site” Kit for Visual Detection of Lead Ions in Soil, Water, Bacteria, Live Cells, and Solid Fruits Using Fluorescent Cube-Shaped Nitrogen-Doped Carbon Dots

Raksha Choudhary, Santanu Patra, Rashmi Madhuri, Prashant K Sharma

ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering, May 2018

98) Economic and Ecofriendly Synthesis of Biocompatible Heteroatom Doped Carbon Nanodots for Graphene Oxide Assay and Live Cell Imaging

Santanu Patra, Ekta Roy, Rashmi Madhuri, Prashant K Sharma

ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering, May 2018

99) Effects of roller burnishing process parameters on surface roughness of A356/5%SiC composite using response surface methodology

Shashi Prakash Dwivedi, Satpal Sharma, Raghvendra Kumar Mishra

Advances in Manufacturing, July 2018

100) Coronarin D, a Labdane Diterpene, Inhibits both Constitutive and Inducible Nuclear Factor-?B Pathway Activation, Leading to Potentiation of Apoptosis, Inhibition of Invasion, and Suppression of Osteoclastogenesis

Ajaikumar B Kunnumakkara, Haruyo Ichikawa, Preetha Anand, Chiramel J Mohankumar, Padmanabhan S Hema, Mangalam S Nair, Bharat B Aggarwal

Molecular Cancer Therapeutics, September 2018

101) Anti-Tumor Activity of a Novel Compound-CDF Is Mediated by Regulating miR-21, miR-200, and PTEN in Pancreatic Cancer

Bin Bao, Shadan Ali, Dejuan Kong, Sanila H Sarkar, Zhiwei Wang, Sanjeev Banerjee, Amro Aboukameel, Subhash Padhye, Philip A Philip, Fazlul H Sarkar

PLOS ONE, October 2018

102) Carbon dot/TAT peptide co-conjugated bubble nanoliposome for multicolor cell imaging, nuclear-targeted delivery, and chemo/photothermal synergistic therapy

Ekat Roy, Santanu Patra, Rashmi Madhuri, Prashant K Sharma

Chemical Engineering Journal, October 2018

103) Optimized extraction, composition, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of exo and intracellular polysaccharides from submerged culture of Cordyceps cicadae

Sapan Kumar Sharma, Nandini Gautam, Narender Singh Atri

BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, October 2018

104) Carbon nanotubes/pectin/minerals substituted apatite nanocomposite depositions on anodized titanium for hard tissue implant: In vivo biological performance

Dharman Govindaraj, Mariappan Rajan, Murugan A Munusamy, Abdullah A Alarfaj, Akon Higuchi, S Suresh Kumar

Materials Chemistry and Physics, October 2018

105) Size-specific imprinted polymer embedded carbon nanodots modified magnetic nanoparticle for specific recognition of titanium nanoparticle: The round versus round

Santanu Patra, Raksha Choudhary, Ekta Roy, Rashmi Madhuri, Prashant K Sharma

Biosensors & Bioelectronics, November 2018

106) Triple signalling mode carbon dots-based biodegradable molecularly imprinted polymer as a multi-tasking visual sensor for rapid and “on-site” monitoring of silver ions

Santanu Patra, Raksha Choudhary, Ekta Roy, Rashmi Madhuri, Prashant K Sharma

Journal of Materials Chemistry C, December 2018

107) The next generation cell-penetrating peptide and carbon dot conjugated nano-liposome for transdermal delivery of curcumin

Santanu Patra, Ekta Roy, Rashmi Madhuri, Prashant K Sharma

Biomaterials Science, December 2018

108) Doping, strain, defects and magneto-optical properties of Zn1-xMnxO nanocrystals

Prashant K Sharma, Ranu K Dutta, R J Choudhary, Avinash C Pandey

CrystEngComm, December 2018

109) Creation of ultrasound and temperature-triggered bubble liposomes from economical precursors to enhance the therapeutic efficacy of curcumin in cancer cells

Santanu Patra, Ekta Roy, Rashmi Madhuri, Prashant K Sharma

RSC Advances, December 2018

110) A battle between spherical and cube-shaped Ag/AgCl nanoparticle modified imprinted polymer to achieve femtogram detection of alpha-feto protein

Paramita Karfa, Rashmi Madhuri, Prashant K Sharma

Journal of Materials Chemistry B, December 2018

111) Mycobacterium tuberculosis EsxL inhibits MHC-II expression by promoting hypermethylation in class-II transactivator loci in macrophages

Srabasti Sengupta, Saba Naz, Ishani Das, Abdul Ahad, Avinash Padhi, Sumanta Kumar Naik, Geetanjali Ganguli, Kali Prasad Pattanaik, Sunil Kumar Raghav, Vinay Kumar Nandicoori, Avinash Sonawane

The Journal of Biological Chemistry, January 2019

112) PknE, a Serine/Threonine Protein Kinase of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Initiates Survival Crosstalk That Also Impacts HIV Coinfection

Dinesh Kumar Parandhaman, Luke Elizabeth Hanna, Sujatha Narayanan

PLOS ONE, January 2019

113) Green Synthesis of Silver Nanoparticles Using Polyalthia longifolia Leaf Extract along with D-Sorbitol: Study of Antibacterial Activity

Somasundaram Kaviya, Jayadevan Santhanalakshmi, Balasubramanian Viswanathan

Journal of Nanotechnology, March 2019

114) Inhibition Effect of Substituted Thiadiazoles on Corrosion Activity of N80 Steel in HCl Solution

Mahendra Yadav, Sumit Kumar, Debasis Behera

Journal of Metallurgy, March 2019

115) Corrosion Inhibition of Tubing Steel during Acidization of Oil and Gas Wells

Mahendra Yadav, Simt Kumar, Premanand N Yadav

Journal of Petroleum Engineering, March 2019

116) Polyethylenimine nanoparticles as efficient transfecting agents for mammalian cells

Surendra Nimesh, Anita Goyal, Vikas Pawar, Sujatha Jayaraman, Pradeep Kumar, Ramesh Chandra, Yogendra Singh, Kailash C Gupta

Journal of Controlled Release, March 2019

117) Monocrotophos Induces the Expression and Activity of Xenobiotic Metabolizing Enzymes in Pre-Sensitized Cultured Human Brain Cells

Vinay K Tripathi, Vivek Kumar, Abhishek K Singh, Mahendra P Kashyap, Sadaf Jahan, Ankita Pandey, Sarfaraz Alam, Feroz Khan, Vinay K Khanna, Sanjay Yadav, Mohtshim Lohani, Aditya B Pant

PLOS ONE, March 2019

118) Imidazolyl-PEI modified nanoparticles for enhanced gene delivery

Archana Swami, Anita Aggarwal, Atul Pathak, Soma Patnaik, Pradeep Kumar, Yogendra Singh, Kailash C Gupta

International Journal of Pharmaceutics, March 2019

119) Molecular dissection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis integration host factor reveals novel insights into the mode of DNA binding and nucleoid compaction

Narayanaswamy Sharadamma, Yadumurthy Harshavardhana, Apoorva Ravishankar, Praveen Anand, Nagasuma Chandra, K. Muniyappa

Journal of Biological Chemistry, 2015

120) MicroRNA-125a reduces proliferation and invasion of oral squamous cell carcinoma cells by targeting estrogen-related receptor α: implications for cancer therapeutics

Ankana Tiwari, Swamy Shivananda, Kodaganur S. Gopinath, Arun Kumar

The Journal of Biological Chemistry, April 2019

121) Amino acid derived highly luminescent, heteroatom-doped carbon dots for label-free detection of Cd2+/Fe3+, cell imaging and enhanced antibacterial activity

Santanu Patra, Ekta Roy, Rashmi Madhuri, Prashant K. Sharma

RSC Advances, December 2018

122) Shape-specific silver nanoparticles prepared by microwave-assisted green synthesis using pomegranate juice for bacterial inactivation and removal

Santanu Patra, Ekta Roy, Rashmi Madhuri, Prashant K. Sharma

RSC Advances, December 2018

123) Doping, strain, defects and magneto-optical properties of monodispersed Zn1-xMnxO nanocrystals 

Raksha Choudhary, Santanu Patra, Rashmi Madhuri, Prashant K. Sharma

Crystal Engineering Communication, December 2018

124) Anisotropic Gold Nanoparticle Decorated Magnetopolymersome: An Advanced Nanocarrier for Targeted Photothermal Therapy and Dual-Mode Responsive T1 MRI Imaging

Ekta Roy, Santanu Patra, Rashmi Madhuri, Prashant K. Sharma

ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering, February 2018

125) Cow Dung Derived PdNPs@WO3 Porous Carbon Nanodiscs as Trifunctional Catalysts for Design of Zinc–Air Batteries and Overall Water Splitting

Raksha Choudhary, Santanu Patra, Rashmi Madhuri, Prashant K. Sharma

ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering, May 2018

126) Bimetallic magnetic nanoparticle as a new platform for fabrication of pyridoxine and pyridoxal-5′-phosphate imprinted polymer modified high throughput electrochemical sensor

Santanu Patra, Ekta Roy, Ranajit Das, Paramita Karfa, Sunil Kumar, Rashmi Madhuri, Prashant K. Sharma

Biosensors and Bioelectronics, December 2018

127) Designing of carbon based fluorescent nanosea-urchin via green-synthesis approach for live cell detection of zinc oxide nanoparticle

Raksha Choudhary, Santanu Patra, Rashmi Madhuri, Prashant K. Sharma

Biosensors and Bioelectronics, February 2019

 

Published in The Hindu on July 13, 2019

5 Thoughts

  1. Further, database shows only 24 retracted from India due to Concerns/Issues About Image.
    The search criteria used were:
    Reason(s) for Retraction: +Concerns/Issues About Image
    Affiliation: India

    1. Just use image duplication or something like that. I don’t recall what I used, but I did get 118 papers when I used terms such as image manipulation and image duplication. These terms were not together.

  2. Dear Mr Prasad
    The article is misleading. The fact is that retraction of article is much higher in number in other countries than India. Readers, please have a look to following data
    Number of retractions country-wise:
    CHINA 9186
    USA 2092
    INDIA 969
    Number of retractions city-wise:
    CALIFORNIA 386
    NEW YORK 348
    LONDON 229
    DELHI 105

    1. The article clearly states: “Compared with the U.S and China, there are relatively fewer papers from India that gets published. But Bik’s study found India had 1.93 higher-than-predicted ratio of papers containing image duplication.”

  3. Mere retraction of the research papers should not suffice. These so called great scientists should be debarred from their high positions which they gained out of this shamil act. Such activities tarnish the image of not only individual scientist but the image of the country as well. The Modi Govt is taking very strict actions against corrupt civil officials, even they are asked to take the voluntary retirement, these so called great scientists should also be punished that way only , as it also falls in the corruption category.

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