Adults from South, Northeast India have higher risk of cardiovascular disease

Two large surveys covering nearly 8 lakh adults between 2012 and 2014 have found the average 10-year risk of a cardiovascular disease event varying from 13.2% in Jharkhand to 19.5% in Kerala. The mean risk is 12.7% among females and 21.4% among males. And adults living in urban areas have higher risk than those in rural areas. Two … Continue reading Adults from South, Northeast India have higher risk of cardiovascular disease

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IISER Kolkata: Paper-based electrodes show superior water-splitting efficiency

Researchers at IISER Kolkata have used a paper coated with nickel nanoparticles and model catalysts to split water to produce hydrogen gas. The flexible electrodes recorded 98% water-splitting efficiency and maintained robustness and durability even after more than 10 continuous days of operation. Using paper coated with nickel nanoparticles and model catalysts as electrodes, researchers … Continue reading IISER Kolkata: Paper-based electrodes show superior water-splitting efficiency

Women in Kerala live 10 years longer than women in Uttar Pradesh

The first comprehensive analysis of the health of India’s 1.34 billion citizens has been published on November 14 in The Lancet. The study estimates the key drivers of ill health, disability, and premature death in all 29 States. It has analysed 333 diseases and injuries and 84 risk factor trends for each State between 1990 … Continue reading Women in Kerala live 10 years longer than women in Uttar Pradesh

IIT Guwahati team creates an implantable ‘pancreas’ to treat Type 1 diabetes

The beta cells in the scaffold were able to produce adequate amount of insulin in response to different glucose levels within a few seconds. Researchers at the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Guwahati have successfully created an implantable bioartificial pancreas model grown within a 3D silk scaffold. The “pancreas”, which encapsulates the insulin-producing beta cells, … Continue reading IIT Guwahati team creates an implantable ‘pancreas’ to treat Type 1 diabetes

IIT Madras: Now, silver ‘grows’ in paddy fields

A rice variety originally from West Bengal is able to accumulate high concentration of the metal in its grain. It is a rice variety with a silver touch, literally. Garib-sal one of 505 types of rice plants tested by scientists, is capable of absorbing silver found naturally in soil and accumulating it in the grain … Continue reading IIT Madras: Now, silver ‘grows’ in paddy fields

Farmer suicides in India may be linked to climate change

The increase in temperature during the cropping season reduces crop yields, thus resulting in increased suicides. Climate change has led to over 59,000 farmer suicides over the last 30 years in India. Even a 1 degree C increase in temperature above 20 degrees C in a single day during the crop growing season in India … Continue reading Farmer suicides in India may be linked to climate change

Nearly 50% of diabetics identified in 14 Indian States unaware of their condition

A large community-based study involving over 57,000 adults from 14 States and a Union Territory (Chandigarh) in the country has revealed that the average prevalence of diabetes in these States stands at 7.3%. The prevalence varied from 4.3% of the population in the case of Bihar, to 10.4% in Tamil Nadu; Chandigarh was found to … Continue reading Nearly 50% of diabetics identified in 14 Indian States unaware of their condition

Diabetes drug metformin partly works by altering gut bacteria

One more study has shown that metformin that is commonly prescribed to people with Type-2 diabetes alters the gut bacteria. While earlier studies have shown a difference in the gut bacteria population with metformin intake, the latest study published in Nature Medicine finds the altered gut bacteria mediates some of therapeutic benefits of the drug. … Continue reading Diabetes drug metformin partly works by altering gut bacteria

Science or Snake Oil: can turmeric really shrink tumours, reduce pain and kill bacteria?

Gunveen Kaur, Deakin University Turmeric is a yellow coloured spice widely used in Indian and South East Asian cuisine. It’s prepared from the root of a plant called Curcuma longa and is also used as a natural pigment in the food industry. In the literature, curcumin is reported to be an antioxidant that protects the … Continue reading Science or Snake Oil: can turmeric really shrink tumours, reduce pain and kill bacteria?

Toxins in litchi kill children in Bihar

Unexplained illness in children aged 15 years and younger in Muzaffarpur, Bihar, India, which claims many lives during an outbreak that occurs in May-June, has been solved. Scientists from the U.S. and India have found that consumption of litchi fruit and skipping evening meal can result in very low blood glucose level (less than 70 … Continue reading Toxins in litchi kill children in Bihar